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일본언어문화 , Vol.49 (2019)
pp.7~23

朝鮮資料に見られる日本地名のガ行音の様相 -鼻音性の反映された表記を中心に-

権景愛

(韓国外国語大学校 日本語通翻訳学科 教授, 日本語音韻論)

This study focuses on how the sound of /ga/ line in early modern Japanese (Edo period) was written in data in the Joseon Dynasty The consonant of /ga/ line characterized by nasal sound is regarded not as [g] but as [ŋ], and it is considered the standard sound in Modern Tokyo dialect. However, there have been voices of concern about whether the nasal sound of /ga/ should be reflected in learning contents for Non-Native Speakers of Japanese since the sound has vanished amongst the young generation. Then, how Koreans in the Joseon Dynasty recognized the nasal sound of /ga/ line when it was the standard sound? This study examines the names of Japanese places which include the sound of /ga/ line appearing in data in Joseon Dynasty. As it turns out, Koreans at that time denoted the nasal features of /ga/ line as ‘ㅇ[ŋ]’, the final consonant of the last syllable. However, ‘ん’ of ‘豊後, ぶんご’ was not marked in existing research since it was confused with the nasal sound feature of /ga/ line. There has not been any study that points out the fact. Moreover, the final consonants of Korean language were misunderstood as the nasal sound feature of /ga/ line by Japanese as well. As a result, it is assumed that the final consonant of Korean, ‘ㅇ[ŋ]’ and the consonants of /ga/ line sounded too similar to distinguish.
  Korean documents; feature of nasality; nasal sound of /ga/; place name of Japanese; kana notation;朝鮮資料; 鼻音性; ガ行鼻濁音; 日本地名; 仮名表記

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