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pISSN : 1598-9585

일본언어문화 , Vol.50 (2020)
pp.71~88

期間を表す「を」と状況を表す「中を」の 文法的な特徴と機能について

申義植

(韓国外国語大学 日本語通翻訳学科 講師, 日本語学)

This Paper discusses the issues related to the grammatical features and functions of the o as showing a Period and naka-o as showing a situation. In the usage of case particle o, these forms of o were considered a sort of the usage as showing a move and path in precedent studies. However, there are grammatical deferences between the period o, the situation o and the path o. The first point is that we should discuss that the grammatical features of the period o, the situation naka-o are different from the path o. In order to know that, it is necessary to analyze the indispensability of noun phrase revolving around a verb in a sentence. Moreover, it is also necessary to analyze that there are the differences of movement between the situation o and the path o. In conclusion, it is clear that the period o is parted in the period o① of the indispensable case and the period o② of the secondary case, i.e. the period o② has a different grammatical function with the path o of the indispensable case. Situation naka-o is also parted in the spatial naka-o and the temporal naka-o. The spatial naka-o has a same movement with the path o, but the spatial naka-o is the secondary case. The temporal naka-o has a temporal movement and the grammatical function of situation component.
  case particle o; period o; situation o; indispensable case; secondary case;格助詞「を」; 期間の「を」; 状況の「を」; 必須格; 副詞格

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